Bulletins

Epidemiology Week 15, 2016

Download Weekly Bulletin EW 15 complete PDF



Epidemiology Week 14, 2016

Vaccination Week in the Americas April 23 – 30, 2016 EPI WEEK 14 We invite you to celebrate Vaccination Week in the Americas 2016 and go for the gold! The 14th Vaccination Week in the Americas (VWA) will be celebrated from April 23rd through April 30th, 2016. The regional slogan… Read More



Epidemiology Week 13, 2016

Ambient (outdoor) Air Quality and Health Key facts:  Air pollution is a major environmental risk to health. By reducing air pollution levels, countries can reduce the burden of disease from stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, and both chronic and acute respiratory diseases, including asthma.  The lower the levels… Read More



Epidemiology Week 12, 2016

Download Weekly Bulletin EW 12 complete PDF



Epidemiology Week 11, 2016

The theme for World Health Day 2016 will be diabetes, a noncommunicable disease (NCD) directly impacting millions of people of globally, mostly in low- and middle-income countries. Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose which may over time lead to serious damage to the… Read More



Epidemiology Week 10, 2016

Download Weekly Bulletin EW 10 complete PDF



Epidemiology Week 9, 2016

World TB Day The theme of this year’s World TB Day is: “Unite to End TB” World TB Day, falling on March 24th each year, is designed to build public awareness that tuberculosis today remains an epidemic in much of the world, causing the deaths of nearly one-and-a-half million people… Read More



Epidemiology Week 8, 2016

WORLD KIDNEY DAY (March 10, 2016) Theme: Kidney Disease & Children. Act Early to Prevent It! Kidney disease can affect children in various ways, ranging from treatable disorders without long-term consequences to life-threatening conditions. Acute kidney disease (AKI) is a serious condition that develops suddenly, often lasts a short time… Read More



Epidemiology Week 7, 2016

World Salt Awareness Week 2016 World Salt Awareness Week has been confirmed! Monday 29th February – Sunday 6th March will see World Action on Salt and Health (WASH) celebrating 10 years since we first set out to reduce salt in people’s diets worldwide and improve public health. Many of us… Read More



Epidemiology Week 6, 2016

Weekly Spotlight Yellow fever outbreak in Angola: February Health News Key facts  Yellow fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The “yellow” in the name refers to the jaundice that affects some patients.  Up to 50% of severely affected persons without treatment will die from yellow fever. … Read More



Epidemiology Week 5, 2016

Influenza Update Summary Globally, increasing levels of influenza activity continued to be reported in the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 as the most detected virus.  In North America, a slight increase of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 was reported, but overall levels were still low.  In tropical countries of the Americas,… Read More



Epidemiology Week 4, 2016

Cardiovascular disease is caused by disorders of the heart and blood vessels, and includes coronary heart disease (heart attacks), cerebrovascular disease (stroke), raised blood pressure (hypertension), peripheral artery disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease and heart failure. The major causes of cardiovascular disease are tobacco use, physical inactivity, an unhealthy diet and… Read More



Epidemiology Week 3, 2016

The Influenza Virus There are three types of influenza viruses: A, B and C. Human influenza A and B viruses cause seasonal epidemics. The emergence of a new and very different influenza virus to infect people can cause an influenza pandemic. Influenza type C infections cause a mild respiratory illness and are not… Read More



Epidemiology Week 2, 2016

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Barre Syndrome Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare disorder in which a person’s own immune system damages their nerve cells, causing muscle weakness and sometimes paralysis. It often follows infection with a virus or bacteria. Most people recover fully from GBS, but some people have permanent nerve damage…. Read More



Epidemiology Week 1, 2016

What is microcephaly? Microcephaly is condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than expected. During pregnancy, a baby’s head grows because the baby’s brain grows. Microcephaly can occur because a baby’s brain has not developed properly during pregnancy or has stopped growing after birth, which results in a smaller… Read More



Epidemiology Week 40, 2015

HIV – A Global Situation Update HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 34 million lives so far. In 2014, 1.2 [1.0–1.5] million people died from HIV-related causes globally. There were approximately 36.9 [34.3–41.4] million people living with HIV at the end of… Read More



Epidemiology Week 38, 2015

Hand Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) (Part 2) Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common, usually self-limiting viral illness. It occurs mainly in children under 5 years, but occasionally can occur in adults. Transmission The viruses that cause HFMD are transmitted by direct contact with the fluids from… Read More



Epidemiology Week 37, 2015

Hand Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) (Part 1) Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common, usually self-limiting viral illness. It occurs mainly in children under 5 years, but occasionally can occur in adults. Symptoms/Natural History The commonest symptoms of HFMD are fever, loss of appetite, sore throat, and… Read More



Epidemiology Week 36, 2015

Bird Flu Vaccine Conditionally Approved A vaccine to help protect chickens from avian influenza after more than 48 million birds died in the USA during an outbreak this year has cleared a first hurdle, with the Agriculture Department granting its maker a “conditional” license. Harrisvaccines announced on Monday that the… Read More



Epidemiology Week 35, 2015

Flooding and communicable diseases Risk assessment Floods can potentially increase the transmission of the following communicable diseases: Water-borne diseases, such as Typhoid Fever, Cholera, Leptospirosis and Hepatitis A Vector-borne diseases, such as Malaria, Dengue and Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever, Yellow Fever, and West Nile Fever   Water-borne diseases Flooding is associated… Read More